2013-2014 Graduate Catalog: Master's Courses in Business Administration (MBAD)

MBA Program Preparatory Courses

MBAD 5110. Foundation of Economics. (3)  Prerequisite: enrollment in MBA program. Focuses on topics related to the scope and methodology of economics as a social science, the analysis of markets, the development of market structure, the characteristics of market failure, problems of economic concentration, the measurement of national income, the theory of national income determination, money and banking, monetary and fiscal policy, international economics and the theory of income distribution. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 5121. Business Information Systems. (3)  Prerequisite: Basic computer knowledge and skills are assumed.  Examination of how information systems are developed and used in organizations, how information resources are managed, and the potential strategic and competitive impact information systems have in domestic and global business environments. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 5131. Fundamentals of Financial Accounting and Financial Management. (3)  Prerequisite: enrollment in MBA program.  Accelerated and in-depth study of conceptual foundations and applications of financial accounting and financial management with emphasis on building accounting and finance information bases for external decision making. (Accounting and finance preparation to enter the MBA. May not be taken for credit toward any undergraduate degree within the Belk College of Business or used as equivalent credit for ACCT 2121-2122).  (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 5141. Business Statistics and Quantitative Analysis. (3)  Prerequisite: enrollment in MBA program.  Designed to bring MBA students up to an acceptable level of analytical capability in the areas of probability theory, business statistics, basic linear mathematics (algebra and matrix algebra) and basic differential and integral calculus.  Enrollment is limited to admitted MBA students. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 5191. Legal Environment in Business. (1)  Prerequisite: enrollment in MBA program.  Legal environment in which business operates today;  Legal, social, and ethical considerations of managers within the framework of federal and state regulatory laws; role and function of federal regulatory agencies and their impact on business activities. (Fall, Spring)

Graduate Only – General MBA

MBAD 5158. Student Managed Investment Fund I. (3) Cross-listed as FINN 5158.  Prerequisites: MBAD 5159, FINN 3120 or MBAD 6152, FINN 3222 or FINN/MBAD 6153, and permission of instructor.  Management of an actual portfolio consisting of a portion of the University’s Endowment Fund. (Fall)

MBAD 5159. Student Managed Investment Fund II. (3) Cross-listed as FINN 5159.  Prerequisites: MBAD 5158, FINN 3120 or MBAD 6152, FINN 3222 or FINN/MBAD 6153, and permission of instructor.  Management of an actual portfolio consisting of a portion of the University’s Endowment Fund. (Spring)

MBAD 6028. Topics in Business Information Systems. (3) Prerequisite:  MBAD 5121 or equivalent.  Selected topics in information systems.  Potential topics include information resource management, database management systems, management support systems, information systems in the financial and banking industry, information systems in manufacturing, information systems in health care, and EDP auditing.  May be repeated for additional credit as the topics vary and with permission of MBA Program Director. (On demand)

MBAD 6058. Special Topics in Financial Services. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Each year, the subject matter of this course deals with a different specialized and contemporary topic of interest to students who are preparing for management careers in the financial services industry.  Topics are chosen and covered in a way that builds on and supplements the topics covered in other courses in the Financial Institutions/Commercial Banking concentration.  Emphasis is placed on the managerial implications of the subject matter as well as the impact on the financial system.  Topics covered may vary from semester to semester, and the course may be repeated a maximum of one time for academic credit. (On demand)

MBAD 6100. Leadership, Ethics, and the Business Environment Seminar. (1)  An introduction to leadership, ethics, and other essential skills and concepts for success in the current business environment.  The particular topics and activities included vary each semester as the business environment changes.  This course is to be taken by MBA students in their first semester. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6111. Macroeconomics and Business Forecasting. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 5110 and MBAD 5141.  Advanced studies of the interrelations of markets in national and international economies; mechanisms of monetary policy and interest rate effects, foreign exchange rates and inflation; relations between national saving, fiscal policy, foreign debt and investment; short-run and long-run effects of economic policy; tax policy, government spending and economic growth; types of economic forecasts; value and limits of forecasts. (On demand)

MBAD 6112. The Economics of Business Decisions. (3)  Prerequisites: MBAD 5110 and MBAD 5141, or equivalents.  Economic concepts in the decision-making process.  Topics include:  scarcity; marginal analysis and tools of optimization; demand and supply analysis and market structure; economic efficiency; regression analysis; risk analysis and game theory; and international issues. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6122. Decision Modeling and Analysis via Spreadsheets. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 5141 or equivalent.  An analytical approach to the management process.  Generalized models for decision making with major emphasis on application of the scientific method to management problems. (Spring)

MBAD 6131. Management Accounting. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 5131 or equivalent.  Analyzing financial statements and using accounting information for strategic, tactical, and operating decisions with a focus on strategic cost management.  Emphasis is on using cost and other management accounting information in making sound decisions, its effect on managerial behavior, and its use in formulating and implementing strategy, and issues of design and operation of management control systems including the intended and unintended consequences of performance measurement. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6141. Operations Management. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 5141 or equivalent.  Design, operation, and control of service and manufacturing systems.  Emphasis on using analytical tools for problem solving in process analysis and re-engineering, work-force management, material and inventory management, aggregate planning, total quality management, and others. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6151. Financial Institutions and Markets. (3)  Cross-listed as FINN 6151.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Major financial institutions, particularly commercial banks, and their role in the intermediation process and as suppliers of funds to the money and capital markets.  Comparative financial policies of these institutions are examined in the context of their legal and market environment.  (Yearly)

MBAD 6152. Financial Management. (3)  Cross-listed as FINN 6152.  Prerequisites:  MBAD 6112 and MBAD 6131.  Theory and practice of corporate finance including asset management, cost of capital and capital budgeting, optimization problems and socio-economic aspects of financial management.  Computer technology may be employed when applicable.  (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6153. Investment Management. (3)  Cross-listed as FINN 6153.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Theory and practice of investment decisions of individuals and fund managers.  Topics include:  the status of capital market theory, the efficient market hypothesis literature, and a portfolio performance measurement.  Standard institutional and investment analysis topics, futures and options markets, and international investment topics are covered. (Fall)

MBAD 6154. Applied Business Finance. (3)  Cross-listed as FINN 6154.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Examination of business finance topics which typically confront the firm’s primary finance functional areas (CFO, Treasurer, Controller).  The purpose is to develop advanced analytical skills in those topic areas.  The following topics form the basis of the course: lease vs buy (borrow); leveraged buy-outs: merger analysis (emphasis on valuation); international operations of American firms (capital budgeting and cost of capital); capital structure; risk management.  Such additional topics as working capital management; risk management; and relevant current topics will be included as time permits.  (On demand)

MBAD 6155. Multinational Financial Management. (3)  Cross-listed as FINN 6155.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Financial management of the multinational firm including management of foreign exchange risk and political risk, and the control and evaluation of financial policies of multinational firms. (Spring)

MBAD 6156. Commercial Bank Management. (3) Cross-listed as FINN 6156.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Techniques for the management of commercial banks.  Topics of study include industry structure, administrative organization, management of assets, liabilities, and capital, and financial analysis of the banking firm. (Yearly)

MBAD 6157. Advanced Corporate Finance. (3) Cross-listed as FINN 6157.  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  Theories of modern corporate finance, including theory of efficient capital markets; uncertainty and the theory of choice; market equilibrium asset pricing models (capital asset pricing model, arbitrage pricing theory, Black-Scholes); theories of capital structure and the cost of capital; dividend policy; and leasing. (Fall)

MBAD 6158. Real Estate Finance and Investment. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  This course focuses on the techniques used to analyze, finance and structure real estate transactions. Topics include: an overview of the real estate space and capital markets; the techniques of financial analysis; project ownership, taxation and financial structure; determining the financial feasibility of real estate development; and corporate real estate strategies. (Fall)

MBAD 6159. Real Estate Development. (3)  Cross-listed as ARCH 5068 and GEOG 6103.  Examination of the real estate development process.  Identification and evaluation of the critical assumptions and issues related to market and site feasibility, financial feasibility, planning, acquisition, construction, and operation of economically viable commercial real estate projects. (Fall)

MBAD 6160. Real Estate Capital Markets. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 6152.  This course focuses on the techniques used to analyze, finance and structure real estate transactions, and emphasizes the role of the capital markets in facilitating development and investment in commercial real estate.  Topics include: real estate in an investment portfolio; valuation and investment analysis for direct (private) real estate equity investment including coverage of valuation using real option methodology; primary and secondary commercial mortgage markets (CMBS); and, analysis of publicly traded equity real estate investment trusts (REITs). (Spring)

MBAD 6161. Human Behavior in Organizations. (3) Behavioral knowledge and skills essential to becoming an effective manager/leader including behavior and motivation in an environment of complexity and rapid change and ethical implications of actions and their effects on demographically diverse and increasingly international work force. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6162. Leadership in Organizations. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 6161.  Continuation of MBAD 6161.  Examines performance determinants and appraisal, design of complex organizations, team building, organizational change, career development and conflict management. (On demand)

MBAD 6163. Human Resource Management. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 6161.  An examination of the current critical issues and strategic questions associated with managing employees.  Case material, readings and audiovisual material will be used to stimulate discussion of the most important and strategic questions to be tackled by general managers today and in the future in the relationship between management and workers.  (Yearly)

MBAD 6164. Executive Communication. (3)  Intensive study of communication in organizations from middle and upper management perspectives with special attention to corporate communication, media relations, technologically mediated communication, crisis communication and public affairs.  Case studies, readings, and project assignments are used in a variety of business situations. (Fall)

MBAD 6165. Negotiation and Conflict Management. (3)  Negotiation is the art and science of securing agreement between two or more independent parties.  Conflict management involves resolving situations where the interests of two or more parties differ.  Involves developing a repertoire of skills and techniques for negotiation and conflict management to develop a systematic and positive approach for negotiating with multiple stakeholders.  Case studies, readings, and simulations are used.  (Yearly)

MBAD 6166. Ethics and Global Capitalism. (3)  Prerequisite:  Must be a Belk College of Business graduate student or permission of the MBA Program Director.  Study of ethical arguments supporting and critical of capitalist economic and social systems in relation to business strategy and public policy.  Topics include:  property rights, justice, desert, equality, and sustainable capitalism. (Every other year)

MBAD 6177. Pricing and Positioning Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite:  MBAD 6171 or permission of the MBA Program Director.  A study of advances in pricing and positioning strategies.  Topics include:  marketing, economic, organizational, psychological, legal, and ethical factors of pricing strategies.  Emphasis placed on current pricing and positioning techniques, such as conjoint analysis, hierarchical value analysis, and practice creating and using excel simulators to model consumer response to pricing decisions in competitive markets.  (On demand)

MBAD 6191. Entrepreneurship. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6131, MBAD 6152, MBAD 6171, or permission of the MBA Program Director.  An examination of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs.  Focus on planning the start-up of a fast-growth enterprise with the aim of rewarding the founders and initial investors with significant capital gains.  Extensive use of case studies will provide a background of classroom activities to assist students in the preparation of a detailed plan for the hypothetical start-up of a fast-growth firm. (Yearly)

MBAD 6192. Business Ethics and Corporate Responsibility.  (3)  Analysis of ethical issues that arise in contemporary business practice, both domestically and globally.  Topics may include ethical issues concerning labor practices, marketing, financial services, environmental practices, human rights, and emerging technologies.  Students will be taught to recognize, analyze, and address ethical challenges as they arise in their careers.  Consideration will also be given to public policies and global ethics codes that inform business decision making.  Case studies are used.  (Yearly)

MBAD 6193. Global Business Environment. (3) Prerequisites: MBAD 6152, 6171, or permission of the MBA Program Director.  An overview of international business management.  Specifically, the functional areas of business are covered to provide an international perspective. (Fall)

MBAD 6194. Global Strategic Management. (3) Prerequisite: All courses in the primary and intermediate block of the Functional Component or permission of the Director of the MBA program.  Examination of the need to integrate the functional activities of the firm in planning corporate objectives and achieving operating results.  Emphasis on ability to identify issues and problems of the firm as a whole, to explore alternatives and to make decisions which recognize the interrelationships of the functional specialties within the total organization.  Application and integration of knowledge and skills of analysis developed in the preceding courses of the MBA program. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6196. Strategic Planning. (3) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.  Strategic planning within a rapidly changing environment including changing industry conditions as well as technological, social, political and economic changes.  Examination of strategic planning techniques being developed by researchers and by corporate practitioners. (On demand)

MBAD 6197. Managing the Multinational Enterprise. (3) Prerequisites: MBAD 6152 and 6171.  Management challenges associated with the development of international strategies and the management of organizations in business enterprises whose operations stretch across national boundaries; how multinational enterprises (MNEs) work.  Case studies, projects, and presentations are used to help students apply concepts and theories.  (Spring)

MBAD 6198. Professional Applications. (3) Prerequisites: Completion of the Functional Component.  Team-taught, multidisciplinary course based on (1) structured, written cases and (2) contemporary management problems/issues presented in a non-structured, non-case format. Requires formal written position papers evaluating current business problems which are presented and defended before an audience of peers, faculty members, and business leaders. (On demand)

MBAD 6201. Business Intelligence and Analytics. (3)  Prerequisite:  MBAD 5121 or equivalent.  An overview of the business approach to identifying, modeling, retrieving, sharing, and evaluating an enterprise's data and knowledge assets.  Focuses on the understanding of data and knowledge management, data warehousing, data mining (including rule-based systems, decision trees, neural networks, etc.), and other business intelligence concepts.  Covers the organizational, technological and management perspectives. (Fall, On demand)

MBAD 6202. Managing IT-Enabled Business Processes and Systems. (3)  Examination of key issues involved in managing IT-enabled business processes and systems.  Topics include:  systems analysis and design, data management, evaluation of IT investments, and management of emerging technologies.  (On demand)

MBAD 6203. Information Systems Economics, Strategy and Policy. (3)  Prerequisite:  MBAD 5121 or equivalent.  Examines a collection of topics that deal with the strategic use of information systems.  Topics include:  Business Value of IS, Network Economics, use of IS for competitive advantage, IS Planning and policy setting, IS evaluation selection and sourcing.  (On demand)

MBAD 6204. Management of Information Security and Privacy. (3) Prerequisite:  MBAD 5121 or equivalent.  Managing key security and privacy challenges faced by IT managers.  Examines computer network concepts, threat environments, security tools, methods, and controls for risk management and the development of IS security management and policy.  Also examines various IS security and privacy standards and evaluation criteria.  (On demand)

MBAD 6207. Business Project Management. (3)  Prerequisites:  MBAD 5121 or equivalent and MBAD 6141.  Project management is widely used in a variety of business environments to manage complex, non-routine endeavors.  Examples of projects include consulting and process improvement projects, advertising projects, and technology projects.  This course focuses on tools, techniques, and skills for business project management, with attention to both the quantitative and the qualitative aspects of project management.  Topics include: project evaluation, estimation, monitoring, risk management, audit, managing global projects, outsourcing, and project portfolio management.  Students also gain experience using Project Management Software.  (Spring)

MBAD 6208. Supply Chain Management. (3)  Prerequisites: MBAD 6141 or permission of the department.  Supply chain management is concerned with all of the activities performed from the initial raw materials to the ultimate consumption of the finished product.  From a broad perspective, the course is designed to examine the major aspects of the supply chain: the product flows; the information flows; and the relationships among supply chain participants. The course content is interdisciplinary in nature and will cover a variety of topics such as supply chain information technologies, supply chain design, strategic alliances between supply chain participants and supply chain initiatives. (Spring, On demand)

MBAD 6209. Management of Service Operations. (3)  Focuses on the challenges of managing service operations.  The major topics covered are those critical to achieving operational excellence, including the design and delivery of services, service productivity, revenue management, risk management, customer contact management, service quality and customer retention, capacity management, and demand management.  The course uses cases, readings, lectures and problem-solving tools to provide students with an understanding of these topics. (Fall)

MBAD 6211. Advanced Business Analytics. (3)  Pre-requisite:  MBAD 6201 or ITCS 6162, or permission of department.  An in-depth study of applications of data analytics techniques to discover non-trivial relationships that are understandable, useful, and actionable to decision makers.  A case approach is used to emphasize hands-on learning and real-world deployment of business analytics. (Spring, On demand)

MBAD 6258. Site Feasibility Analysis. (3)  Cross-listed as GEOG 6305.  Prerequisite:  permission of instructor. Examination of factors affecting the feasibility of land parcels for commercial and residential development with emphasis on the physical evaluation of a given site, the market support for its intended use and the financial support for the proposed development. (Fall)

MBAD 6259. Applied Real Estate Development. (3) Cross-listed as GEOG 6105 and ARCH 5069.  Prerequisite:  MBAD 6159, GEOG 6103, or ARCH 5068. This course focuses on the application of the processes involved in real estate development. Students will work in groups on a semester project to select a site and prepare an appropriate development plan that emphasizes the market and financial feasibility of the real estate development. (On demand)

MBAD 6270. Marketing Management. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6112.  A managerial approach to strategic marketing decision-making.  Topics include: market segmentation, product strategy, pricing strategy, promotion strategy, distribution strategy, demand analysis, future market projection and global marketing.  Case studies, readings, and simulations are used. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

MBAD 6271. Consumer Behavior and Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The consumer is the central focus of all business activity.  Designed to help understand consumption-related behaviors and develop marketing strategies to influence those behaviors.  Behavioral concepts are applied to develop dynamic and effective marketing strategies from the perspective of the marketing manager. (Yearly)

MBAD 6272. Marketing Analysis and Decision Making. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  Planning, execution, analysis, and evaluation of marketing research activities.  Emphasis on the techniques and methodology used in the collection, analysis and interpretation of economic, demographic and sociological data for use in marketing decision-making. (Fall)

MBAD 6273. Brand Building and New Product Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  A strategic approach to branding, building new brands, measuring brand strength and equity and the management of existing brands and brand extensions.  Understanding of new product development and the launch process for a new market offering or extending an existing market offering. (Fall)

MBAD 6274. Advertising and Promotion Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  Opportunities and challenges for an organization through advertising, personal selling, sales promotion and publicity.  Includes analysis of the legal and ethical problems involved in this area.  Case studies and a project assignment are used. (Spring)

MBAD 6275. Global Marketing Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  Study of opportunities, problems, and techniques involved in marketing globally.  Analysis of environmental forces affecting global marketing and the methods used to market effectively on a global scale. (Spring)

MBAD 6276. Consumer Analytics. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The utilization of analytics techniques in marketing decision-making and consumer strategy.  Involves the extraction of hidden insight about consumers from structured and unstructured Big Data, and the translation of that insight into a market advantage.  Applications in areas such as consumer targeting, product innovation, and promotion strategy. (Fall)

MBAD 6277. Social Media Marketing and Analytics. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The utilization of social media in marketing strategy and tactics.  Topics include:  the use of social media in building brand strength and equity, as a customer acquisition tool, and as a customer relationship management tool.  The utilization of analytics in effective social media marketing. (Yearly)

MBAD 6278. Innovation Analytics. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The comprehension and application of text analytics as a tool to examine unstructured qualitative information to generate innovations.  Identifying the various sources of consumer insight and using them in innovation strategy.  Understand how to differentiate between what consumers want versus what they say.  (Spring)

MBAD 6279. Design Thinking and Innovation. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The theoretical and practical components of innovation.  Introduction to design thinking and the innovation process from idea generation to early design to declaration of importance to delivery to the end user. Implementation of innovations. (Fall)

MBAD 6280. Market Change and Innovating the Future. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  The prediction and exploitation of marketplace change and the development of strategies to dominate future markets through innovative transformation.  Frameworks to help market-driven organizations change before circumstances force them to do so and to create innovation-driven consumer strategy for the future.  Understanding demographic and consumer trends. (Spring)

MBAD 6281. Pricing and Positioning Strategy. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  Advances in pricing and positioning strategies.  Topics include:  marketing, economic, organizational, psychological, legal, and ethical factors of pricing strategies.  Emphasis on current pricing and positioning techniques, such as conjoint analysis and hierarchical value analysis, and practice creating and using spreadsheet simulators to model consumer response to pricing and positioning decisions in competitive markets.  (On demand)

MBAD 6282. Marketing of Sports. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6270.  Marketing concepts and practices applied to the marketing of sports products and services to the sports consumer.  Emphasis on strategic marketing planning.  Strategies to segment markets and identify customers; generate revenue, fan loyalty, and build the brand; collect and use marketing research data; promotional strategies including endorsements and sponsorships; pricing strategies (ticket prices) for sports teams/individuals in competition. (On demand)

MBAD 6310. Sports Economics. (3)  Prerequisite: MBAD 5110 or equivalent.  Economic concepts in the decision-making process as applied to sport.  Topics include:  demand and supply analysis and market structure in sports; market efficiency issues in sports; salary and ticket pricing issues in sports; economic impact studies of sports; and labor market studies in sports including collective bargaining agreements and discrimination. Regression analysis will be covered and used in this course. (On demand)

MBAD 6361. Management of Motorsports. (1.5)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6161.  The application of management concepts and theories to motorsports including leadership, structure, and human resources, especially labor relations.  History of motorsports management including the role and impact of the media.  Ownership, governance and governing bodies in motorsports, their authority and functions, eligibility requirements, and sanctions and appeals processes. (On demand)

MBAD 6362. Management of Professional Team Sports. (1.5)  Prerequisite: MBAD 6161.  The application of management concepts and theories to the professional team’s franchise including leadership, organizational design, and human resources, especially labor relations.  History of professional team sports management in the United States and the world.  Ownership, governance and governing bodies in professional sports including league organizations (major and minor), their authority and functions; eligibility requirements, and sanctions and appeals processes. In addition, the role and impact of television on professional team sports management will be explored. (On demand)

MBAD 6500. Cooperative Education Experience. (0)  Prerequisite: Completion of nine hours of graduate coursework.  Participation in the Co-op program enables MBA students to pursue practical work experience that is complementary to their major course of studies.  Each student's program must be approved by the director of the MBA program.  Acceptance into the Experiential Learning Program by the University Career Center is required.  Participating students pay a course registration fee for transcript notation  (49ership and co-op) and receive full-time student status (co-op only). Assignments must be arranged and approved in advance.  Course may be repeated; evaluation is Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory.  Open only to Master’s level students.  Ph.D. level students are encouraged to contact their academic department to inquire about academic or industrial internship options for credit.  For more information, contact the University Career Center.  (Fall, Spring, Summer)

MBAD 6890. Directed Individual Study. (3) Directed individual study and in-depth analysis of a special area of management, economics, business or accounting.  The course may be used to satisfy up to six semester hours of graduate credit requirements in the Master of Business Administration degree program and may be repeated for credit provided a different area of study is undertaken each time.  Permission of a member of the graduate faculty who would direct the study and permission of the MBA Program Director must be secured before registering for the course. (Fall, Spring)

MBAD 6962. Energy Markets. (3)  Cross-listed as EMGT 5962.  Prerequisite:  Basic math and economics, or permission of instructor.  Pre-or corequisite:  ECON 5181, EMGT 5961, or SEGR 4961.  Energy and power systems in regulated and competitive environments and implications on business decisions for firms in these industries.  Topics include: mechanism of energy markets; comparative market systems; determination of prices under different market structures; gas, oil, coal, and electricity market architecture; electricity market design; dispatch and new build decisions; smart grid and renewable energy in electricity markets; risk and risk management in energy including demand and price volatility and use of financial derivatives; and the impact of financial market trends and current and proposed policies on the energy industry.

MBAD 7090. Special Topics in Business. (1-4)  Special topics in any of the functional areas of business.  Topics will vary.  May be repeated for credit for different topics. (On demand)