An Undergraduate Certificate in Languages and Culture Studies: Translating (CT) is not equivalent to a major in a foreign language; rather it represents a theory-based skill developed at the bachelor’s degree level. The CT may complement a major in any field, and is especially recommended for Majors and Minors in German, International Studies, or International Business. All courses for the CT involve, but are not limited to, translating into English from the source text. A CT in German-English may be earned by completing 12 credit hours. TRAN 4412, TRAN 4413, and TRAN 4414 may be double-counted toward the German major or minor.